He explained that between the 11th and 15th centuries not only Christianization and its cultural consequences were implemented, but well-defined social features emerged in Central Europe based on Western characteristics. The keyword of Western social development after millennium was the spread of liberties and autonomies in Western Europe.
Granquist Overview The Kingdom of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy that is located on the eastern half of the Scandinavian peninsula in Northern Europe.
It measuressquare milessquare kilometerssharing the Scandinavian peninsula with Norway to the west and north.
Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject. The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and . A few more examples are here.. The first documents of the Croatian Cyrillic alphabet are inscriptions carved in stone in present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina dating from the 10th or 11th century (Humacka ploca) and on the Croatian island of Brac from the 12th century. During the last Ice Age, Finland was covered by a thick layer of ice. When that ice sheet retreated (or melted) about 10, years ago, it gouged the surface of the land and left in its wake innumerable islands, rivers and streams, as well as an estimated , lakes. Note that near 60, of.
As ofSweden had a population of 8, The vast majority are ethnic Swedes, with minorities of Laplanders SamiFinns, Estonians, Latvians, Norwegians, and Danes, and, in the late twentieth century, immigrants from southeastern Europe and the Middle East.
The country's official language is Swedish, and the capital is Stockholm. The Swedish flag is a yellow cross on a medium blue field.
The various Gothic settlements were centered in eastern Sweden and the island of Gotland in the Baltic. During the Viking period A. In Russia, the Swedes labeled by the Slavs as the "Rus" ruled many areas, especially in the trading town of Novgorod. By aboutmost of central and eastern Sweden was united in the kingdom of the Svear, although this was disputed by their powerful neighbors, the Danes and the Norwegians.
Christianity was introduced to the Swedes by St. Ansgar inalthough it was slow to take hold and was not fully established until the late twelfth century, under the rule of King Eric IX.
Medieval Sweden was slowly incorporated into the European world, and began to form the political and social structures characteristic to its society even up to this day. King Magnus VII was able to unite Norway and Sweden under his rule inbut the arrangement was unstable and did not last.
Sweden felt slighted in the Danish-dominated Union, however, and after a Danish massacre of Swedish nobles inthe Swedes rose against the Danes and, led by King Gustav Vasa, freed themselves from Danish rule in Sweden's age of glory ended with the rise of Russia, which defeated the Swedes in the Northern War Sweden lost Finland to Russia inbut received Norway in compensation in a union that lasted until During the nineteenth century, Sweden underwent economic, social, and political transformation that only partially offset a large-scale immigration to North America.
In the twentieth century, Sweden has maintained its political and military neutrality, and has become one of the most highly developed industrialized countries in the world, with stable politics and an extensive social welfare system.
This became an official Swedish colony under the leadership of Governor Johan Printz, but struggled because of indifference from the Swedish government; the colony never prospered, reaching a total of only about inhabitants.
In the Dutch took the colony by force; the Dutch were in turn defeated by the English 11 years later. A Swedish-speaking enclave existed in the Delaware River valley until the nineteenth century, however.
Swedes played a role in early U. They were a force in the Revolutionary War. Trade and adventure brought a number of Swedes to America in the early national period, but this immigration was rather limited. Serious emigration from Sweden to America began afterand this flow became a torrent after From tomore than 1.
The country had one of the highest rates of emigration of all of the European nations. The rates of immigration to America fluctuated from year to year, however, reflecting economic conditions in both Sweden and America. The first great wave arrived between andas famine in Sweden and opportunity for land in America droveSwedes, mainly farm families, from their homeland.
They relocated primarily in the upper Midwest. The largest wave of immigrants, approximately , arrived between andagain due to economic conditions. This time not only farm families emigrated, but also loggers, miners, and factory workers from the cities.
The American Depression of slowed Swedish immigration until the first decade of the twentieth century, whenSwedes came to America. World War I halted emigration, and improved economic conditions in Sweden kept it to a trickle after The immigration of Swedes to America during the nineteenth century was a movement of youth—young Swedes leaving their homeland for improved economic opportunity in America.
The first waves of immigration were more rural and family oriented, but as the immigration progressed this pattern changed; young single men and later women left Sweden to find employment in American cities.Helsinki Geography Helsinki is geographically situated on the southern peninsula by the Gulf of Finland.
Facing Tallinn (Estonia) across the bay, a number of islands, which are part of Helsinki, can be reached via boats and ferries.
Finland is a mostly flat land, with more than 70% of it covered by thick forest. In the southern areas, water seems a more common sight than land as countless clear water lakes are everywhere. To the north of the Arctic Circle, the terrain rises into the hills and low mountains of Lapland.
Cultural Geography Europe has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization. Today, this cultural wealth is used to solidify the European Community and is exported to the rest of the world as one of the continent’s greatest global assets.
Identification. It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in , from the Swahili words tanga (sail) and nyika (bright arid plain). Thus what was known formerly as German East Africa became Tanganyika Territory. Main outlines of Finnish history.
Swedish, Russian and independent eras in a nutshell. Until the middle of the 12th century, the geographical area that is now Finland was a political vacuum, though interesting to both its western neighbour Sweden and the Catholic Church there, and its eastern neighbour Novgorod (Russia) and its Greek.
Geography of Poland- Refer to this article to learn information about the European country of Poland. Learn about Poland's history, government, economy, geography and climate from Geography at grupobittia.com