What is an abortion? A spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, occurs when the fetus stops growing and the body expels it. An induced abortion occurs when a woman chooses to end a pregnancy.
Email Last Updated Aug 15, 2: Explore more on this topic in our "Behind the Lens" report. With the rise of prenatal screening tests across Europe and the United States, the number of babies born with Down syndrome has significantly decreased, but few countries have come as close to eradicating Down syndrome births as Iceland.
Since prenatal screening tests were introduced in Iceland in the early s, the vast majority of women -- close to percent -- who received a positive test for Down syndrome terminated their pregnancy.
While the tests are optional, the government states that all expectant mothers must be informed about availability of screening tests, which reveal the likelihood of a child being born with Down syndrome. Around 80 to 85 percent of pregnant women choose to take the prenatal screening test, according to Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik.
Children born with this genetic disorder have distinctive facial issues and a range of developmental issues. Many people born with Down syndrome can live full, healthy lives, with an average lifespan of around 60 years.
Other countries aren't lagging too far behind in Down syndrome termination rates. The law in Iceland permits abortion after 16 weeks if the fetus has a deformity -- and Down syndrome is included in this category.
CBS News With a population of around , Iceland has on average just one or two children born with Down syndrome per year, sometimes after their parents received inaccurate test results.
The results showed her chances of having a child with Down syndrome were very slim, odds of 1 in 1, However, the screening test is only 85 percent accurate. That year,three babies were born with Down syndrome in Iceland, including Ingadottir's daughter Agusta, who is now 7. On average, Iceland has two people with Down syndrome born each year.
Normally there are two, in the last few years. As Agusta grows up, "I will hope that she will be fully integrated on her own terms in this society. That's my dream," Ingadottir said. What kind of society do you want to live in? He has a unique perspective on the advancement of medical technology.
Quijano asked Stefansson, "What does the percent termination rate, you think, reflect about Icelandic society? For expectant mother Bergthori Einarsdottir, who chose to have the test, knowing that most women did so helped steer her decision.
They speak to her when deciding whether to continue or end their pregnancies. Olafsdottir tells women who are wrestling with the decision or feelings of guilt: Quijano noted, "In America, I think some people would be confused about people calling this 'our child,' saying a prayer or saying goodbye or having a priest come in -- because to them abortion is murder.
We look at it as a thing that we ended. We ended a possible life that may have had a huge complication And I think that is more right than seeing it as a murder -- that's so black and white. Life isn't black and white."The Only Moral Abortion is My Abortion" When the Anti-Choice Choose.
By Joyce Arthur (copyright © September ) Available in a French translation.; Available in a. Abortion is the removal of pregnancy tissue, products of conception or the fetus and placenta (afterbirth) from the uterus. In general, the terms fetus and placenta are used after eight weeks of pregnancy.
Pregnancy tissue and products of conception . Medical abortion procedures are available for terminating a pregnancy during the early weeks of the first trimester. For women seeking a medical abortion procedure, a sonogram is recommended to determine if the pregnancy is viable (uterine, non-ectopic pregnancy) and for accurate pregnancy.
1: the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus: such as. a: spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation — compare miscarriage.
b: induced expulsion of a human fetus. c: expulsion of a fetus by a domestic animal often due to infection at any time before completion of pregnancy. Abortion is the removal of pregnancy tissue, products of conception or the fetus and placenta (afterbirth) from the uterus.
In general, the terms fetus and placenta are used after eight weeks of pregnancy. Pregnancy tissue and products of conception refer to tissue produced by the union of an egg. The Medical Termination Of Pregnancy Act, (Act No.
34 of ) An Act to provide for the termination of certain pregnancies by registered medical practitioners and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.