These sentences have been overused in IELTS essay writing or are considered to be learned expressions which are not accepted by the examiner. The examiner is trained to spot sentences which are not typical of your level of English. This essay will discuss both sides and give an opinion at the end.
Definition A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb A clause can be usefully distinguished from a phrase, which is a group of related words that does not contain a subject-verb relationship, such as "in the morning" or "running down the street" or "having grown used to this harassment.
Words We Use to Talk about Clauses Learning the various terms used to define and classify clauses can be a vocabulary lesson in itself. Academic writing 2 sentence outline digital handout categorizes clauses into independent and dependent clauses.
This simply means that some clauses can stand by themselves, as separate sentences, and some can't.
Another term for dependent clause is subordinate clause: The subordinate clause is created by a subordinating conjunction or dependent word. An independent clause, "She is older than her brother" which could be its own sentencecan be turned into a dependent or subordinate clause when the same group of words begins with a dependent word or a subordinating conjunction in this case: The words essential and nonessential are sometimes used and mean the same thing as restrictive and nonrestrictive, respectively.
British grammarians will make this same distinction by referring to clauses with the terms defining and non-defining. A nonrestrictive clause is not essential to the meaning of the sentence; it can be removed from the sentence without changing its basic meaning.
Nonrestrictive clauses are often set apart from the rest of the sentence by a comma or a pair of commas if it's in the middle of a sentence. Professor Villa, who used to be a secretary for the President, can type words a minute. Review the Notorious Confusables section on the difference between That and Which for additional clarification on the distinction between restrictive and nonrestrictive.
Relative clauses are dependent clauses introduced by a Relative Pronoun that, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, and of which. Relative clauses can be either restrictive or nonrestrictive.
Review the section on Comma Usage for additional help in determining whether relative clauses are restrictive or nonrestrictive parenthetical or not and whether commas should be used to set them off from the rest of the sentence.
In a relative clause, the relative pronoun is the subject of the verb remember that all clauses contain a subject-verb relationship and refers to relates to something preceding the clause.
Giuseppe said that the plantar wart, which had been bothering him for years, had to be removed. Some relative clauses will refer to more than a single word in the preceding text; they can modify an entire clause or even a series of clauses.
Charlie didn't get the job in administration, which really surprised his friends. Charlie didn't get the job in administration, and he didn't even apply for the Dean's position, which really surprised his friends.
A relative clause that refers to or modifies entire clauses in this manner is called a sentential clause. Sometimes the "which" of a sentential clause will get tucked into the clause as the determiner of a noun: Charlie might very well take a job as headmaster, in which case the school might as well close down.
Finally, everybody's favorite clause is the Santa Clause, which needs no further definition: Independent Clauses Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses.
The ability to recognize a clause and to know when a clause is capable of acting as an independent unit is essential to correct writing and is especially helpful in avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences. Needless to say, it is important to learn how to combine independent clauses into larger units of thought.
In the following sentence, for example, Bob didn't mean to do it, but he did it anyway. If the word "but" is missing from this sentence, the sentence would be called a comma splice: Furthermore, a long series of clauses of similar structure and length begins to feel monotonous, leading to what is called "Dick and Jane" or primer language after the kind of prose that we find in first grade textbooks or "primers".
See the section on Avoiding Primer Language for advice and exercises on combining sentences. It would also be helpful at this time to review the section on Punctuation Between Two Independent Clauses.
Clauses are combined in three different ways: Coordination involves joining independent clauses with one of the coordinating conjunctions:The advantages of PTE Academic are many. 1. The test takes place at one go.
No need to come back for different sections as other tests. 2. The results are available in 5 days. Sample outlines for narrative, expository, and other essay types. These clear, simple, and useful outlines provide easy-to-follow instructions on how to organize and outline your ideas before writing an essay.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing .
Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. English Language Arts Standards» Anchor Standards» College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language Print this page.
The K standards on the following pages define what students should understand and be able to do by the end of each grade. Example of Sentence Outline. Several aspects must be considered in writing a sentence outline. If you have chosen to write a sentence outline, all headings and sub-headings must be in sentence form.
As in any outline, remember that a division or sudivision can not be divided into one part; therefore, if there is an "A" there must be a "B," and.