Visit Website The young Plato became a devoted follower of Socrates—indeed, he was one of the youths Socrates was condemned for allegedly corrupting. Aroundthe year-old Plato returned to Athens and founded his philosophical school in the grove of the Greek hero Academus, just outside the city walls. In his open-air Academy he delivered lectures to students gathered from throughout the Greek world nine-tenths of them from outside Athens. Plato died in Athens, and was probably buried on the Academy grounds.
He was the son of wealthy Athenian parents and he began his philosophical career as a student of Socrates. Oligarchy is a form of government where most or all political power effectively rests with a small segment of society which is typically the most powerful, whether it is by wealth, family, military strength, ruthlessness, or political influence.
This group was a pro-Spartan oligarchy installed in Athens, and one of its two leading members was a follower of Socrates. The Thirty severely reduced the number of rights of Athenian citizens. Only a specially selected could participate in legal functions, about people had the right to carry weapons or receive a jury trial.
Hundreds of Athenians were killed by orders to drink hemlock, and thousands more were exiled. So, Plato alienated them by his method of critical interrogation and he was brought to trial with capital crimes of religious impiety and corruption of youth.
He was ultimately sentenced to death. His friends came to his aid and offered to pay a fine versus the death penalty. Greek Philosopher Plato - Influences Plato was greatly influenced by Socrates, and many of his dialogues had this man as a character in the content.
Therefore, many of his early works were likely borrowings or adaptations from Socrates himself. Socrates, himself, did not write down any of his teachings. The central theme in most of them is the conflict between nature and convention, the role of heredity and the environment on human intelligence and personality.
It was called the Academy which is where we get the word, academics.
It was considered a university of higher learning including physical science, astronomy, and mathematics as well as philosophy.
Plato delivered lectures which were never published. Plato passed away in BC at about the age of eighty, but it is not known what caused his death. When applied to the universe, Greeks were speaking to the rational principle that governs all things. A Greek philosopher named Heraclitus first used the term Logos around BC to designate the divine reason or plan which coordinates the entire universe.
Monotheistic Jews used Logos to refer to God, since He was the rational mind -- reason -- behind the creation and coordination of the universe. Thus, John the author of the biblical book of John used a very special word -- Logos -- that was meaningful to both the Jews and the Greeks during the first century AD.
He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. Logos The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us.Philosophy really took off, though, with Socrates and Plato in the 5th - 4th Century B.C.
(often referred to as the Classical or Socratic period of philosophy). Unlike most of the Pre-Socratic philosophers before him, Socrates was more concerned with how people should behave, and so was perhaps the first major philosopher of Ethics.
Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher. Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens.
He was the son of wealthy Athenian parents and he began his philosophical career as a student of Socrates. Aug 21, · Watch video · The Athenian philosopher Plato (c B.C.) is one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world and the entire history of Western thought.
Plato, an Ancient Greek philosopher, founded the Academy, a place of learning and debate. His writings would come to form the basis for the Western philosophical tradition.