In addition, a man is given the right to beat his disobedient wife until she obeys Sura 4: According the Quran, "Men are in charge of women, because Allah has made some of them to excel others
John of Damascus a Syrian monk and presbyter Egypt islam and democracy critical essays, 19th-century Arabic icon The earliest surviving written criticisms of Islam are to be found in the writings of Christians who came under the early dominion of the Islamic Caliphate.
One such Christian was John of Damascus c. The second chapter of his book, The Fount of Wisdom, titled "Concerning Heresies", presents a series of discussions between Christians and Muslims. John claimed an Arian monk whom he did not know was Bahira influenced Muhammad and viewed the Islamic doctrines as nothing more than a hodgepodge culled from the Bible.
He became well known for a poetry that was affected by a "pervasive pessimism. He had particular contempt for the ulemawriting that: They recite their sacred books, although the fact informs me that these are fiction from first to last.
The term “Orientalism,” later known as “Oriental Studies,” began in reference to the study of languages and cultures of the so-called Orient. Although initially focused on the ancient and modern Near East, the term “Orient” was indiscriminately used for all of . We highly recommend this video by an Arabic speaking scholar Nabeel Qureshi who knows both religions well: Seeking Allah. Top of pageConsiderations of Orthodoxy. The term fundamentalist has come to be a pejorative term. However, it need not be. Revisiting Egypt, Islam, and Democracy A Note From Prison (pp. ) When this book first appeared in , it contained twelve essays that had been written over a twenty-year span.
O Reason, thou alone speakest the truth. Then perish the fools who forged the religious traditions or interpreted them! He reasoned that the Sharia was incompatible with the principles of justice, and that this undercut the notion of Muhammad being the perfect man: That is why, to this day we never see anyone converting to Islam unless in terror, or in quest of power, or to avoid heavy taxation, or to escape humiliation, or if taken prisoner, or because of infatuation with a Muslim woman, or for some similar reason.
Nor do we see a respected, wealthy, and pious non-Muslim well versed in both his faith and that of Islam, going over to the Islamic faith without some of the aforementioned or similar motives.
Maimonides has no quarrel with the strict monotheism of Islam, but finds fault with the practical politics of Muslim governments.
He also considered Islamic ethics and politics to be inferior to their Jewish counterparts.
Maimonides criticised what he perceived as the lack of virtue in the way Muslims rule their societies and relate to one another. No steady rule of right seems there to be attended to; and every action is blamed or praised, so far as it is beneficial or hurtful to the true believers.
Now, some Mohammedans are the crudest in this respect, and the most sectarian. From the Pacific to the Atlantic, for five hundred years blood ran all over the world.
Nevertheless, among these Mohammedans, wherever there has a philosophic man, he was sure to protest against these cruelties. And so also with the race. That race which is bound down to itself has been the most cruel and the most wicked in the whole world.
There has not been a religion that has clung to this dualism more than that founded by the Prophet of Arabia, and there has not been a religion, which has shed so much blood and been so cruel to other men.
In the Koran there is the doctrine that a man who does not believe these teachings should be killed, it is a mercy to kill him! And the surest way to get to heaven, where there are beautiful houris and all sorts of sense enjoyments, is by killing these unbelievers.
Think of the bloodshed there has been in consequence of such beliefs! If one does not take the standard of reason, there cannot be any true judgment, even in the case of religions. One religion may ordain something very hideous. For instance, the Mohammedan religion allows Mohammedans to kill all who are not of their religion.
It is clearly stated in the Koran, Kill the infidels if they do not become Mohammedans. They must be put to fire and sword. Now if we tell a Mohammedan that this is wrong, he will naturally ask, "How do you know that? How do you know it is not good?
My book says it is. Had the God of the Quran been the Lord of all creatures, and been Merciful and kind to all, he would never have commanded the Mohammedans to slaughter men of other faiths, and animals, etc. If he is Merciful, will he show mercy even to the sinners?
If the answer be given in the affirmative, it cannot be true, because further on it is said in the Quran "Put infidels to sword," in other words, he that does not believe in the Quran and the Prophet Mohammad is an infidel he should, therefore, be put to death.
Since the Quran sanctions such cruelty to non-Mohammedans and innocent creatures such as cows it can never be the Word of God.BRAND NEW, Egypt, Islam and Democracy: Critical Essays (New edition), Saad Eddin Ibrahim, A collection of essays, written over a period of 15 years, that provide perspectives on the political, religious, economic, and social issues of contemporary Egypt.
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All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. Senate Testimony Senate Testimony. August 5, × Comments Off on Senate Testimony I was in Washington this week providing testimony for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. If the people of this religion [Islam] are asked about the proof for the soundness of their religion, they flare up, get angry and spill the blood of .
Some key books on the Arab world, Islam and Islamism. Ajami, Fouad, Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey,Vintage, - An analysis of political change in the Arab world since Antonius, Georges, The Arab Awakening, the Story of the Arab National Movement, Hamish Hamilton, A respected classic.
Darwish, Adel and . “Alaa Al Aswany is among the best writers in the Middle East today, a suitable heir to the mantle worn by Naguib Mahfouz, his great predecessor.” –Jay Parini, The Guardian (UK) From one of Egypt’s most acclaimed novelists, here is a vivid chronicle of Egyptian society, with penetrating analysis of all the most urgent issues—economic stagnation, .