Human timeline and Nature timeline Until the late 19th century, creation was taught in nearly all schools in the United States, often from the position that the literal interpretation of the Bible is inerrant. With the widespread acceptance of the scientific theory of evolution in the s after being first introduced inand developments in other fields such as geology and astronomypublic schools began to teach science that was reconciled with Christianity by most people, but considered by a number of early fundamentalists to be directly at odds with the Bible. In the aftermath of World War Ithe Fundamentalist—Modernist Controversy brought a surge of opposition to the idea of evolution, and following the campaigning of William Jennings Bryan several states introduced legislation prohibiting the teaching of evolution.
A radically pluralistic system of public, private, and for-profit two- and four-year training institutes and colleges and professional and graduate schools, the American system is generally regarded as the best in the world.
Consisting of 4, institutions that enroll upward of twenty million students from the United States and abroad, the sector has become a critical governmental intermediary that relies on heavy state-level and federal subsidies and tax expenditures in order to fulfill its core mission of teaching, research, and service.
The higher education system also faces a number of pressing challenges: The citations included in this article are intended to provide a point of embarkation for further inquiry.
They have been selected because they offer a thematic overview of the history of American higher education intended to provoke additional reading and investigation.
General Overviews Chroniclers have been tracing the historical evolution of organized higher learning since its formation in Europe and England in the 11th and 12th centuries CE. While these institutional histories remain a staple of the historical literature and are popular among alumni and could alone fill an entire annotated bibliographythe first professional histories written by professionally trained historians did not emerge until the late 19th century, which saw the rise of the American history profession.
A fringe field dominated by narrowly drawn institutional studies, the systematic scholarly exploration of the history of higher education surged after World War II, when the importance of the research university for national defense and for educating citizens for the rapidly changing labor market and world first became manifest.
For the emergence of the American university, readers should engage Kerr and Veysey For the best synthetic history of American higher education, see Thelin The middle-class and the development of higher education in America.
Higher education in transition: A history of American colleges and universities. A comprehensive history notable for being among the first critical appraisals of American higher education written in the post—World War II period.
The uses of the university. Between citizens and the state: The politics of American higher education in the 20th century. The making of the modern university: Intellectual transformation and the marginalization of morality. The American college and university: American higher education transformed, — Documenting the national discourse.
Provides an excellent guide for faculty and administrators interested in better understanding American higher education.
A history of American higher education. The emergence of the American university. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.Bachelor of Science in Education/Early Childhood Education.
The Bachelor of Arts in Education (BSED) with a specialization in Early Childhood Education is an undergraduate degree program preparing candidates for teacher licensure in the field of early childhood (birth to age eight/grade 3).
Human evolution is the lengthy process of change by which people originated from apelike ancestors.
Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years. One of the. Nov 19, · “Evolution Mama” is a sassy song dating back many decades, probably best played on a banjo, maybe with a kazoo in the background.
“Evolution mama,” it goes, “don’t you make a monkey. Charles Darwin was born in , seven years after his grandfather Erasmus had died. Charles grew up during a conservative period in British and American society, shortly after the Napoleonic Wars.
Editor's Note: This slide show has been updated to include recent efforts to maintain and strengthen evolution education in science classrooms in U.S. public schools. Human evolution.
Human evolution is the lengthy process of change by which people originated from apelike ancestors. Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years.