The participants were selected from a pool of volunteers based on their performance on an English placement test as well as a knowledge test of the target words in the study. Afterward, they were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 30 and subsequently exposed to the research treatment. During 3 sessions of instruction, 5 computerized reading texts including 25 target words were studied.
Journal Articles This list is not meant to be an exhaustive bibliography of journal articles on design research, but rather a compilation of both the seminal articles in this field as well as the most current that might be of interest to someone beginning to explore this innovative form of research.
This collection of articles are presented as methodological articles and research examples. Methodological Articles Bannan-Ritland, B. The role of design in research: The integrative learning design framework.
Educational Researcher, 32 1 In this article, a general model is proposed for design research in education that grows out of the author's research and work in related design fields.
The model emphasizes the stage sensitivity of a research questions, b data and methods, and c the need for researchers to design artifacts, processes, and analyses at earlier stages in their research that can then be profitably used perhaps by different researchers in later stages.
Putting a Stake in the Ground. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 13 1 The article highlights and problematizes some challenges that are faced in carrying out design-based research.
It states that the emerging field of learning sciences is one that is interdisciplinary, drawing on multiple theoretical perspectives and research paradigms so as to build understandings of the nature and conditions of learning, cognition and development.
A fundamental assumption of many learning scientists is that cognition is not a thing located within the individual thinker but is a process that is distributed across the knower, the environment in which knowing occurs and the activity in which the learner participates.
In other words, learning, cognition, knowing and context are irreducibly co-constituted and cannot be treated as isolated entities or processes. On the theoretical breadth of design-based research. Educational Psychologist, 39 4 Over the past decade, design experimentation has become an increasingly accepted mode of research appropriate for the theoretical and empirical study of learning amidst complex educational interventions as they are enacted in everyday settings.
There is still a significant lack of clarity surrounding methodological and epistemological features of this body of work. In fact, there is a broad variety of theory being developed in this mode of research. In contrast to recent efforts to seek a singular definition for design experimentation, I argue that methodological and epistemological issues are significantly more tractable if considered from the perspective of manifold families of theoretically framed design-based research.
After characterizing a range of such families, I suggest that, as we deliberate on the nature of design-based research, greater attention should be given to the pluralistic nature of learning theory, to the relation between theory and method, and to working across theoretical and methodological boundaries through the use of mixed methods.
Finally, I suggest that design-based research-with its focus on promoting, sustaining, and understanding innovation in the world-should be considered a form of scholarly inquiry that sits alongside the panoply of canonical forms ranging from the experimental, historical, philosophical, sociological, legal, and interpretive.
Education Canada, 46 1 The article focuses on the development of an effective educational research for solving educational problems. An educational research is a kind of product testing.All the children were poor in decoding and reading comprehension, and they scored poorly or normally on a listening comprehension test.
Four strategies, clarifying, questioning, summarizing, and predicting were trained through direct instruction and reciprocal teaching in reading and listening settings. When the reading task finished, the participants were redirected to the test page where they were presented with the two main testing instruments, word and picture recognition tests, and, as a safety measure, two reading comprehension items to avoid the participants’ guessing the .
The Role of Motivation in Fostering Reading Comprehension While building a full “toolkit” of reading strategies is an important element in fostering a reader’s comprehension and retention, it is not the only factor influencing reading development.
the central role of vocabulary in fostering communicative competence and overall language proficiency, determining ways to encourage successful vocabulary learning remains a significant issue for language learners, teachers, and researchers.
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Electoral Management. Electoral management encompasses both the entity responsible for governing elections and the various mechanisms, roles and functions this entity may have.