As a critic, he complained that four or five cliques controlled American literature by controlling the larger portion of the critical journals… Edgar Allan Poe secured a permanent place among world authors as father of the short story, creator of the detective story, and poetic genius.
Poe was the first writer to recognize that the short story was a different kind of fiction than the novel and the first to insist that, for a story to have a powerful effect on the reader, every single detail in the story should contribute to that effect.
His stories and criticism have been models and guides for writers in this characteristically American genre up to the present time.
No one who is interested in the short-story form can afford to ignore his ideas or his fiction. Poe was influential in making American literature more philosophical and metaphysical than it had been heretofore, especially in terms of the dark Romanticism of Germany rather than the sometimes sentimentalized romanticism of New England Transcendentalists.
Poe also helped to make periodical publishing more important in American literary culture. American writing in the mid-nineteenth century was often discouraged by the easy accessibility of English novels.
Lack of copyright laws made the works of the great English writers cheaply available; thus, American writers could not compete in this genre. Poe was an important figure in this battle to make the United States a literary force in world culture.
Although much of his early criticism is routine review work, he began in his reviews to consider the basic nature of poetry and short fiction and to develop theoretical analyses of these two genres, drawing upon both the German criticism of A.
Schlegel and the English criticism of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Poe makes such a convincing case for the organic unity of short fiction, argues so strongly for its dependence on a unified effect, and so clearly shows how it is more closely aligned to the poem than to the novel, that his ideas on the short tale have influenced short-story writers and literary critics ever since.
In his theories of the short story, Poe argues that, whereas in long works one may be pleased with particular passages, in short pieces the pleasure results from the perception of the oneness, the uniqueness, and the overall unity of the piece.
It is pattern that makes the separate elements of the work meaningful, not mere realistic cause and effect. Poe is too often judged as being simply the author of some horror stories that many people remember vividly from their adolescent days but that few adult readers take very seriously.
Moreover, Poe is often judged on the basis of errors and misunderstandings about his personality. He has been called an alcoholic, a drug addict, a hack, and a sex pervert.
As a result of these errors, myths, and oversimplifications, serious readers are often reluctant to look closely at his work. There is little doubt that Poe, however, both in his criticism and in his dark, metaphysically mysterious stories, helped create a literature that made American writing a serious cultural force.
Short story A young nobleman, haunted by a family curse, buries his twin sister alive after she falls into a cataleptic trance. It expertly combines in a powerful and economical way all of his most obsessive themes, and it brilliantly reflects his aesthetic theory that all the elements of a literary work must contribute to the single unified effect or pattern of the work itself.
Although its symptoms consist of an extreme sensitivity to all sensory stimuli and a powerful unmotivated fear, nowhere does Poe suggest its cause except to hint at some dark family curse or hereditary illness.
Roderick, with his paintings, his musical compositions, and his poetry, is, above all, an artist. It is the particular nature of his art that is inextricably tied up with his illness.
Roderick has no contact with the external world that might serve as the subject matter of his art. Not only does he never leave the house, but he also cannot tolerate light, sound, touch, odor, or taste. In effect, having shut down all of his senses, he has no source for his art but his own subjectivity.
The narrator says that if anyone has ever painted pure idea, then Roderick is that person. As a result, Roderick has nothing metaphorically to feed upon but himself.
The house in which Roderick lives is like an artwork—an edifice that exists by dint of its unique structure. When the narrator first sees it, he observes that it is the combination of elements that constitutes its mystery and that a different arrangement of its particulars would be sufficient to modify its capacity for sorrowful impression.
Moreover, Usher feels that it is the form and substance of his family mansion that affects his morale. He believes that, as a result of the arrangement of the stones, the house has taken on life. By burying her, he splits himself off from actual life.Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, in Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
Edgar Poe became an orphan still at young age following the death of his mother in , shortly after his father had dumped the family.
Oct 17, · Edgar Allan Poe American short story writer, poet, critic, editor, novelist, and essayist. The following entry presents criticism of Poe's essays.
Edgar Allan Poe An American writer, poet, literary critique and editor, Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, He was one of the important figures in the American Romantic Movement.
First published: (collected in The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, ) Type of work: Short story Dupin, the great amateur detective created by Poe in this story, solves his first and most unusual case.
Custom Edgar Allan Poe Essay Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, in Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America. Edgar Poe became an orphan still at young age following the death of his mother in , . Essays and criticism on Edgar Allan Poe, including the works “The Fall of the House of Usher”, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”, “The Tell-Tale Heart”, “The Cask of Amontillado.