Researchers propounding this theory cite numerous ancient texts that clearly indicate that the history of the Ancient Egyptians can be traced back to pre-dynastic Egypt. That well before the first pharaohs reigned Egypt.
Yet, before the arrival of the Aztecs, another sophisticated civilization, the Olmecs, ruled the region for almost years. In other words, many of the distinctive features of later Central American civilizations can be traced to the Olmecs.
So, who were the Olmecs, and what was their culture like? Sites containing traces of the Olmec civilization are found mainly on the southern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, specifically in the states of Veracruz and Tabasco. Although the Olmecs did have a system of writing, only few of their inscriptions are available to archaeologists at present.
Moreover, there is not enough continuous Olmec script for archaeologist to decipher the language. As a result, much of what we know about the Olmec civilization is dependent on the archaeological evidence.
BigStockPhoto For a start, the Olmecs left behind much of their artwork. These representations of human heads are carved from basalt boulders, and at present, at least seventeen of such objects have been found. The colossal heads measure between one and three metres in height, and seem to represent a common subject, i.
Incidentally, such physical features are still common amongst the people of Veracruz and Tabasco, indicating the colossal heads may be representations of the Olmecs themselves.
Given the amount of resources needed to produce such objects, it may be speculated that these heads depict the Olmec elites or rulers, and were used as a symbol of power, perhaps like the colossal heads of Jayavarman VII at Angkor Thom in Cambodia. Colossal stone head of the Olmecs.
BigStockPhoto In addition, the Olmecs also produced miniature versions of these giant heads. In contrast to the colossal heads, this mask, which is made of serpentine, is only 13 cm high. This mask has similar facial features to the colossal heads.
Although such features can be seen in the descendants of the Olmecs, some scholars have speculated that the mask represented an African, Chinese or even a Mediterranean face. The mask also has four holes on its front, speculated to represent the four cardinal points of the compass.
As the Olmec ruler was believed to be the most important axis in the world centre, it has been suggested that the mask represented an Olmec ruler. Furthermore, there are numerous circular holes on the face, indicating that face piercings and plugs were used by the Olmecs.
Due to the lack of Olmec skeletons they have been dissolved by the acidic soil of the rainforestthis mask may be the closest we can get to seeing what the Olmecs looked like.
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Although the Olmecs were only rediscovered by archaeologists relatively recently, i. As this game involved the use of a rubber ball, this may be the reason why the Olmecs were named as such by the Aztecs. This ballgame and several other features of Olmec civilization may be found in subsequent Central American civilizations.
Thus, the Olmecs had a considerable amount of influence on these later cultures.
As so little is known about the Olmecs today, it would require much more work and research to gain a greater understanding and appreciation of their importance to succeeding Central American societies.Introduction to Ancient Egypt and Its Civilization from University of Pennsylvania.
Colossal pyramids, imposing temples, golden treasures, enigmatic hieroglyphs, powerful pharaohs, strange gods, and mysterious mummies are features of Ancient. Throughout the ancient island of Sardinia, the story of the indigenous Nuragic civilization lies obscured by unanswered questions.
Although one can examine thousands of their laboriously-asse. Oct 11, Pictures and quotable ideas relating to the Metaphysical and Supernatural side of my experiences with Egypt - past and present and inspirational aspects of the mysterious land of the Pharaohs. | See more ideas about Ancient Egypt, Egypt and Egyptian art.
Introduction to Ancient Egypt and Its Civilization ratings Colossal pyramids, imposing temples, golden treasures, enigmatic hieroglyphs, powerful pharaohs, strange gods, and mysterious mummies are features of Ancient Egyptian culture that have fascinated people over the millennia.
Dec 28, · The study of ancient Egypt is one of the most interesting things in the world. From a young age, many people are enthralled by stories of cursed mummies, ancient pyramids, and all .
Cults and Deities Religion and religious cults played a central role in all aspects of ancient Egyptian society. The king, or pharaoh, was the most important figure in religion as well as in the state.