The four features of a presidential government are: The Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary are three distinguished branches of Government. The government work loads are divided equally among these three branches of the government. One branch may not interfere with the functions of the other branches.
What are the Features of the Presidential form of Government? President is the Real Head: In the Presidential system, the President is the real head.
He is the head of state as well as the head of government. There is separation of powers. The President is elected by people. Neither he nor his ministers are drawn from the legislature. They are not accountable to it. They are independent of the legislature.
He has a fixed tenure.
He cannot be easily ousted from office by the legislature. The only method of his ouster from office is impeachment which is a very difficult process. On the other hand, the President also cannot dissolve the legislature. Further, the judiciary is independent of both the executive and the legislature.
Thus, there is not only separation of powers, but also check and balance in the Presidential system. Ministers are Accountable to the President: The President appoints his ministers or secretaries who stay in office during his pleasure.
They do not belong to the legislature. Nor are they responsible to it. They are appointed on the basis of their experience and expertise. He can remove them from office if he is not happy with them. Because of the twin principles of separation of powers and check and balance, there is no concentration of powers in the same man or in the same body.
As a result, there is more of democracy in this system.
As both the President and the legislature enjoy fixed terms of office, there is political stability. There is continuity of policy.
Further, the government can think of long-term policies. In the USA, the President is directly elected by people. The President is free to choose his ministers. Or secretaries as they are called in America. The Senate, the Upper House of American Congress, may or may not ratify such appointments, but it cannot impose its choice on the President.
The President has thus the freedom to appoint very competent persons as his Ministers or Secretaries on the basis of their experience and expertise. They are accountable only to the President and not to the Congress.
As a result, they have time to concentrate on their work and to do their duty efficiently. Prompt and Bold Decisions: The President, being all powerful, is in a position to take bold and prompt decisions. His ministers, being subordinate to him, cannot tie hands. They may advise him, but they have to implement his decisions.The Presidential system is too rigid to adapt itself to sudden changes in circumstances.
To manage a crisis, the ministers including the Prime Minister in Parliamentary system can be replaced. But, however great the need, the President in a Presidential system cannot be replaced during his tenure.
A Presidential System of Government is one in which there is an executive President, that is, someone vested with all executive powers and who combines the office of head of state and head of government.
Presidential government practices Single Executive concept, where the Head of State is also the Head of Government, and he is called the President. The Chief Executive, the President is responsible for the leadership of the government and the state. The Chief Executive is independent from the legislature, unlike the parliamentary system which practices the principle of Fusion of Power, where the Chief .
A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible for the legislature of a . The features of Parliamentary form of Government has been discussed below: 1. Existence of a Titular or Constitutional Ruler: The first characteristic feature of the parliamentary system is the existence of a Titular of Constitutional Ruler.
Advantages of the presidential system Since a presidential government has two independent structures, each one can monitor and check the other, preventing abuses of power. Moreover, since the elected executive is in office for a fixed period of time, the country can enjoy periods of stability.